Chevrolet Lanos (since 2004 release)
1. Car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in way
4. Maintenance
5. Engine
6. Transmission
7. Running gear
8. Steering
9. Brake system
10. Electric equipment
11. Body
12. Wheels and tires
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Advice to the beginning mechanic
17.1. Safety measures when carrying out repair work
17.2. Tools
17.3. Before work
17.4. Restoration of threaded connections
17.4.1. Otvorachivaniye of rusty threaded connections
17.4.2. Otvorachivaniye of the damaged nuts
17.4.3. Bolts with an internal hexagon or a many-sided head
17.4.4. A reversing of the self-cutting screws with direct and crosswise vents
17.4.5. Reversing and vvorachivaniye of hairpins
17.4.6. Drilling of the broken bolt
17.4.7. Cutting of a carving
17.4.8. Councils for body repair
18. Appendices
19. Schemes of electric equipment
 








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17.4.8. Councils for body repair

Very often on a paint and varnish covering of the car there are damages (chips, scratches, etc.) which do not manage to be removed with polishing. In this case it is necessary to make the following.
1. Clear to metal of the place of damage of a paint and varnish covering (without damage of a body). It is the simplest to use structure remover.
2. Remove a rust by means of abrasive tools, for example an emery paper.
3. Degrease solvent the cleared surface.
4. Process the rust remains rust solvent according to the instruction of the manufacturer.
5. Ground the prepared surface.
6. Pick up color of paint or address for this purpose the expert.

    
NOTE
Usually for painting use enamel of cold drying as she does not demand the special equipment for drying (heat guns, technical hair dryers, etc.).

7. Coat the grounded surface.
Enamel is imposed a brush or a spray in three-four layers (up to 6 layers more rare).
If on a body the dent was formed (for example, from blow), at first decide, what is more effective: replacement of the damaged element (a wing, a door), its rikhtovka (editing) or just correction of damage by hard putty (for small dents).

    
NOTE
Hard putty is recommended to be put or on soil (in case of soil converter it is obligatory), or under it.

The type of hard putty has to approach soil type. Otherwise it will not be possible to achieve a qualitative covering: there will be a peeling.
After hard putty hardening its layer should be leveled with a surrounding surface. It can be made an emery paper manually or the special electric tool.
In all cases it is necessary to stop (to preserve) a rust as the red rust (unlike scale) can grow, corroding the main metal, at absence not only waters, but also air. Anyway at once at detection of damage of a paint and varnish covering the place of damage should be processed structure like Movil or similar. It protects body metal from a rust, in case of need it can easily be removed with the rags wetted by solvent or white spirit.
In garage conditions it is very difficult to eliminate serious damages (for example, after accident) as the special equipment (building berths, etc.) which allows to restore the correct geometry of a body for this purpose is required. As this equipment expensive, we advise to address in the workshop specializing in body repair.
After restoration it is better to process a paint and varnish covering special polishes for giving of gloss and protection from small scratches.

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17.4.7. Cutting of a carving
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18. Appendices