Chevrolet Lanos (since 2004 release)
1. Car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in way
4. Maintenance
5. Engine
5.1. Features of a design
5.2. Check of a compression in cylinders
5.3. Removal and installation of mudguards of the engine
5.4. Replacement of support of a suspension bracket of the power unit
5.5. Installation of the piston of the first cylinder in the provision of VMT of a step of compression
5.6. Removal, installation and troubleshooting of a flywheel
5.7. Replacement of details of consolidation of the engine
5.8. Head of the block of cylinders
5.9. Removal and installation of the engine
5.10. Repair of the engine
5.11. Lubrication system
5.12. Cooling system
5.12.1. Features of a design
5.12.2. Possible malfunctions of the cooling system, their reason and ways of elimination
5.12.3. Removal and installation of electric fans of a radiator of the cooling system of the engine
5.12.4. Replacement of a radiator of the cooling system
5.12.5. Replacement of the water pump
5.12.6. Removal and installation of the thermostat
5.12.7. Removal and installation of a broad tank
5.13. System of production of the fulfilled gases
5.14. Engine power supply system
5.15. System of catching of vapors of fuel
5.16. System of recirculation of the fulfilled gases
6. Transmission
7. Running gear
8. Steering
9. Brake system
10. Electric equipment
11. Body
12. Wheels and tires
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Advice to the beginning mechanic
18. Appendices
19. Schemes of electric equipment


5.12.1. Features of a design

Элементы системы охлаждения
Fig. 5.15. Cooling system elements: 1 – electric fan; 2 – electric fan casing; 3, 34 – nuts; 4, 7, 9, 10, 12, 13, 15, 17, 18, 20, 25, 27, 30, 32, 36, 38, 39, 41, 43, 45 – collars; 5, 28, 46, 47, 50 – bolts; 6 – the bringing hose of heating of throttle knot; 8 – tee; 11 – the bringing heater hose; 14 – perepuskny hose; 16 – the taking-away heater hose; 19 – the taking-away hose of heating of throttle knot; 21 – thermostat case; 22 – sealing ring of a cover of the thermostat; 23 – thermostat; 24 – branch pipe of the water pump; 26 – the taking-away hose of the water pump; 29 – connecting branch pipe; 31 – liquid hose of a broad tank; 33 – broad tank; 35 – stopper of a broad tank; 37 – steam discharge hose of a broad tank; 40 – the bringing radiator hose; 42 – radiator; 44 – the taking-away radiator hose; 48 – arm of fastening of a radiator; 49 – top pillow of fastening of a radiator; 51 – lower pillow of fastening of a radiator

The cooling system of the engine (fig. 5.15) liquid (with compulsory circulation of liquid), tight, with a broad tank.
The system is filled with the liquid on the basis of ethylene glycol (antifreeze) which is not freezing at ambient temperature to –40 °C.

The replacement procedure of cooling liquid is described in the subsection "Replacement of Cooling Liquid".
It is not recommended to fill the cooling system with water as the anticorrosive and anti-making foam additives, and also additives interfering adjournment of a scum are a part of antifreeze.
Cooling liquid is toxic! Avoid inhalation of its vapors and hit on skin.
In due time eliminate violation of tightness of the cooling system to avoid hit of vapors of cooling liquid in interior of the car at its operation. Your health is more expensive, than a new branch pipe of the cooling system or a tube of sealant!

Except a radiator, the water pump, a broad tank and hoses, the shirt of cooling of the engine executed in casting surrounding walls of cylinders in the block, combustion chambers and gas channels in a block head and also a radiator of a heater of interior of the car log in.
The normal thermal mode of the engine is defined by temperature of cooling liquid which is maintained automatically by means of the thermostat in range of 90-100 °C.
Radiator with a horizontal stream of liquid (fig. 5.16), with a tubular and tape aluminum core 3 and plastic tanks 2 and 6. In the lower part of the left tank 2 there is a drain crane 1. In tanks the bringing and taking away branch pipes of hoses to a water shirt of the engine and a branch pipe of the hose connecting a radiator to a broad tank are executed.

Радиатор и электровентиляторы системы охлаждения
Fig. 5.16. Radiator and electric fans of the cooling system: 1 – drain crane; 2 – the taking-away tank; 3 – core; 4 – main electric fan; 5 – additional electric fan; 6 – the taking-away tank; 7 – casing of the additional electric fan; 8 – casing of the main electric fan

The broad tank 33 (see fig. 5.15) serves for compensation of the changing volume of cooling liquid depending on its temperature. The tank is made of translucent plastic. Tags of "max" and "min" for control of level of cooling liquid are applied on its walls, the bulk mouth which is hermetically closed by a plastic stopper 35 with two valves in it (inlet and final) assembled in the uniform block from above is located. The final valve opens with a pressure of 130-150 kPa (1,3–1,5 kgfs/cm2), providing temperature increase of the beginning of boiling of cooling liquid and preventing intensive steam formation. When cooling liquid its volume decreases and in system depression is created. The inlet valve in a stopper opens at depression about 3 kPa (0,03 kgfs/cm2) and passes air in a broad tank.

Serviceability of valves of a stopper is very important for normal operation of the cooling system, but often at emergence of problems (boiling of cooling liquid, etc.) motorists pay attention only to operation of the thermostat, forgetting to check valves. Leakage of the final valve leads to decrease in temperature of boiling of cooling liquid, and its jamming in the closed state — to emergency increase in pressure in system that can cause damage of a radiator and hoses.

The water pump of centrifugal type provides compulsory circulation of liquid in the cooling system, is installed on the forward plane of the block of cylinders and is given to rotation by a gear belt of the drive of the gas-distributing mechanism. The axis of rotation of a pulley of the pump is executed excentricly axes of its case that allows to regulate turn of the case around an axis a belt tension. The closed bearings which are not needing lubricant replenishment are installed in the pump. The pump is not subject to repair therefore at refusal (a leak of liquid or damage of bearings) it is replaced assembled.
The thermostat 23 (see fig. 5.15) with a firm thermosensitive filler maintains the normal working temperature of cooling liquid and reduces time of warming up of the engine. It is established in a special nest on the forward surface of the block of cylinders and pressed to it by the case 21. At a temperature of cooling liquid up to 87 °C the thermostat is completely closed and liquid circulates on a small contour, passing a radiator that accelerates warming up of the engine. At a temperature of 87 °C the thermostat begins to open, and at 102 °C opens completely, providing circulation of liquid through a radiator.
The electric fan 4 (see fig. 5.16) with a plastic seven-bladed krylchatka provides a radiator purge with air at small speeds of the movement of the car generally in city conditions or on mountain roads when the counter flow of air is insufficient for cooling of a radiator.
For increase in overall performance the fan through rubber pillows is installed in a casing 8. The casing, in turn, is attached to a radiator in four points.
Install the additional electric fan 5 with a five-bladed krylchatka attached to a radiator through a casing 7 on the cars equipped with air conditioning system.
The electronic block of a control system of the engine obtaining information from system sensors operates operation of the main and additional electric fans. The electronic block via the corresponding relays provides rotation a krylchatok of electric fans with two speeds. The block turns on the main fan with a small speed of rotation at a temperature of cooling liquid of 93 °C, with high speed — at 97 °C, switches the fan from high speed on small at 94 °C, switches off it at 90 °C. The block turns on the additional fan with a small speed when the conditioner is switched on, switches to high speed at a temperature of cooling liquid of 97 °C or on reaching pressure of 1882 kPa in the forcing conditioner pipeline.
The cooling system by means of hoses 11 and 16 (see fig. 5.15) included a radiator of a heater of salon.

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5.12. Cooling system
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5.12.2. Possible malfunctions of the cooling system, their reason and ways of elimination